The state flag of Missouri consists of three equal-sized horizontal stripes - red on top, white in middle, and blue at bottom - with the Missouri coat-of-arms circled by a blue band containing 24 stars in the center. The center of the state seal is composed of two parts. On the right is the United States coat-of-arms containing the a bald eagle with its wings outstretched holding a bundle of 13 arrows in its left talon and an olive branch with 13 leaves and 13 olives in its right talon. The eagle has its head turned towards the olive branch and in its beak, the eagle clutches a scroll with the motto E PLURIBUS UNUM ("Out of Many, One"). Over its head there appears a "glory" with 13 mullets (stars) on a blue field arranged in rows of 1-4-3-4-1. The shield, borne on the eagle’s breast, was a chevron design with alternating red and white stripes with the outermost stripes being white and with no stars on the blue chief. On the left side of the shield, the state side, are a grizzly bear and a silver crescent moon. This shield is encircled by a belt inscribed with the motto, "UNITED WE STAND DIVIDED WE FALL". The two grizzlies on either side of the shield standING atop a scroll bearing the state motto, "SALUS POPULI SUPREMA LEX ESTO," which means, "Let the welfare of the people be the supreme law." Below this scroll are the Roman numerals MDCCCXX. A helmet stands above the shield with a large star on top surrounded by 23 smaller stars with a cloud around the large star.
Missouri flag colors - meaning
red stripe: represents valor
white stripe: symbolizes purity
blue stripe: represents vigilance, permanency, and justice
Twenty-four stars around the coat-of-arms: symbolize Missouri's admission as the 24th state of the union
crescent moon: symbolizes the bright future ahead of the state
grizzly bears: symbolize the size and strength of the state and the courage of her people
MDCCCXX: represents 1820, the year Missouri began its functions as a state (Missouri was not officially granted statehood until 1821)
History of Missouri flag
Nearly 100 years after achieving statehood, Missouri adopted an official flag on March 22, 1913. The flag was designed by Mrs. Marie Elizabeth Watkins Oliver. The Great Seal of the State of Missouri, the basis of the coat-of-arms, was designed by Robert Wells. The seal shows, by its helmet and buckled belt, that although Missouri is a strong state, it wants to be free to handle its own problems. The grizzly bears signify the size and strength of the state and the courage of her people. The new crescent moon was included to remind us that we can make our future better; it was also a special heraldic symbol pointing out that Missouri was the second state formed out of the Louisiana Purchase. The larger star, rising into a group of 23 stars, was to remind people that Missouri became the 24th state only after solving many difficult problems. The helmet was designed to show the power of the people of the state. Finally, there are two mottoes. "United We Stand, Divided We Fall" tells us how important it is to support the whole United States. "Salus populi suprema lex esto" is Latin which means, "Let the welfare of the people be the supreme law." That reminds us our state government functions to help better our lives.
Missouri flag history